English Grammar

“Master the intricacies of English grammar with our comprehensive guide. Explore the essential components, including parts of speech, sentence structure, tenses and subject-verb agreement. Learn to construct clear and effective sentences. Dive into the world of nouns and verbs, adjectives, adverbs and others and understand their role in creating meaningful communication.

Discover the importance of proper punctuation, from periods to semicolons, in communicating precise meaning and structure in your writing. Discover the secrets of articles, subject-verb agreement and tenses to increase your language skills.

Whether you’re a native English speaker or learning the language as a second language, this resource offers valuable insights and practical tips. Improve your writing, communication and language skills with our guide to English grammar.”

Learning English Grammar

A basic guide to English grammar

English grammar is the basis of effective communication in the English language. Whether you are a native speaker or learning English as a second language, understanding the grammar rules is essential for clear and accurate communication. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the fundamentals of English grammar and offer insights and tips to help you master this essential skill.

1. Parts of speech

The English language comprises several parts of speech, each of which has its unique role in making sentences. Here is a brief overview of the main parts of the speech:


These are words that represent people, places, things, or ideas. They can be proper nouns (specific nouns) or common nouns (generic nouns).


Verbs are action words that express an action, occurrence, or state of being.


Adjectives modify nouns by providing additional information about them. They describe properties such as size, colour or shape.


Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. They describe how, when, where or to what extent an action occurs.


Pronouns replace nouns to avoid repetition. Common pronouns include he, she, it, they, and we.
Conjunctions: Conjunctions join words, phrases, or sentences. Common conjunctions include and, but, or, and so.


Prepositions show the relationship between nouns or pronouns and other words in a sentence. Examples include in, on, at, and under.


Interjections express strong emotions and are often used informally. Examples include oh, wow, and ouch.

2. Sentence structure

Sentences in English have a specific structure. A typical sentence consists of a subject, a verb, and an object. The subject is the agent of the action, the verb is the action itself, and the object is the recipient of the action. For example:

  • Subject: She
  • Verb: sings
  • Subject: beautiful song.

In this sentence, “she” is the subject, “sings” is the verb, and “a beautiful song” is the object.

3. Times

English verbs can be categorized into different tenses, indicating when an action took place. The three primary tenses are:

Present Tense

Describes actions taking place now or regularly. For example, “Sings.”

Past Tense

Describes actions that happened in the past. For example, “She sang.”

Future Tense

Describes actions that will happen in the future. For example, “He will sing.”

Each of these tenses can be further divided into simple, continuous, perfect and perfect continuous tenses, allowing for precise descriptions of actions and events.

4. Agreement of subject and verb

One common grammar rule is subject-verb agreement. This means that the verb in the sentence must agree with the subject in number and person. For example:

Correct: “He sings a song.”

Incorrect: “Sing a song.”

In the correct sentence, “she sings” agrees with the singular subject “She.” Adherence to this agreement ensures that your writing is understandable and grammatically correct.

5. Articles

English uses articles such as “a,” “an,” and “the” to determine the uniqueness of a noun. “A” and “an” are indefinite articles used with non-specific nouns, while “the” is a definite article used with specific nouns.

Indefinite article: “She found a book.”

Definitive article: “She found a book.”

Using articles correctly helps readers understand whether you mean a specific item or an item of a certain type.

6. Punctuation

Punctuation is essential for conveying meaning and structure in written English. Here are some key punctuation marks and their uses:

Period (.)

Used to end sentences and indicate abbreviations.

Comma (,)

Used to separate items in a list, join independent clauses, and introduce introductory elements.

Semicolon (;):

Joins closely related independent clauses.

Colon (:)

Represents a list, explanation, or quotation.

Question mark (?)

Indicates a direct question.

Exclamation point (!)

Expresses strong emotions or exclamation marks.

Quotation marks (” “):

Include direct speech or indicate the titles of shorter works.

Apostrophe (‘ )

Indicates possession and contraction.

Understanding how to use these punctuation marks correctly will ensure that your writing is clear and easy to understand.

Learning English Grammar- Alphabets, Words, Sentences, Parts of Speech, Noun, Pronoun, Adjective, Verb, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction, Interjection, Tense,

ইংরেজি ভাষা শিক্ষার জন্য ইংরেজি ব্যাকরণ (English Grammar) এর কোন বিকল্প নেই। আর এই লক্ষ্যকে সামনে রেখেই আমরা আপনাদের জন্য নিয়ে এসেছি ইংরেজি ব্যাকরণের যথেষ্ট বাস্তব উদাহরণসহ সহজতম ব্যাখ্যা।

এখানে আপনারা ইংরেজি ব্যাকরণের সবগুলো বিষয় সহজেই খুঁজে পাবেন কেননা প্রতিটা বিষয়ই যথাযথ ক্রমানুসারে সাজানো হয়েছে।

English Alphabet, Word and Syllable




Parts of Speech


Present Indefinite Tense

Present Continuous Tense

(FAQ) ইংরেজি গ্রামার (English Grammar) সম্পর্কে জিজ্ঞাস্য?

1. বেসিক ইংরেজি গ্রামার (English Grammar) কিভাবে শিখব?

এখন বাজারে বিভিন্ন ধরণের ইংরেজি গ্রামার বই রয়েছে যেগুলির আপনি ভোকাবুলারি শিখতে পারবেন। প্রতিদিন চোখের সামনে কোন নতুন শব্দ পেলেই জানতে চেষ্টা করুণ সেই শব্দটির অর্থ, সমার্থক শব্দ, বিপরীতার্থক শব্দ, প্রতিশব্দ ও ব্যবহার। কিছুদিন এইভাবে অভ্যাস করলেই দেখবেন খুব সহজেই ইংরেজি গ্রামার শিখে যেতে পারবেন।

2. ইংরেজি গ্রামার (English Grammar) কাকে বলে?

যে বই পড়লে ইংরেজি ভাষা শুদ্ধভাবে পড়তে, লিখতে ও বলতে পারা যায় তাকে English Grammar বা ইংরেজি ব্যাকরণ বলে।

3. দৈনন্দিন জীবনে ইংরেজি গ্রামার (English Grammar) কতটা গুরুত্বপূর্ণ?

অনর্গল ইংরেজিতে কথা বলার জন্য সঠিক গ্রামার জানা অত্যন্ত জরুরী। ইংরেজি গ্রামারের নিয়মগুলো জানলে আপনি সহজেই আপনার ভুলগুলো এড়াতে পারবেন। আর এভাবেই আপনি ইংরেজি ভাষাভাষী মানুষদের মতোই ইংরেজিতে অনর্গল কথা বলার দক্ষতা অর্জন করতে পারবেন।